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Year 4

Please take a look at our half termly overviews to see a snapshot of what children are learning in each curriculum area.

Autumn 1


All year there will be plenty of practise of times tables facts. Please support your child with this at home. If you would like resources, please ask!

Place value

When rounding to the nearest 10, children learn about the importance of 5. Although it is in the middle of 0 and 10, any number ending in 5 is rounded up to the nearest 10.

Children round 3 digit numbers to the nearest hundred.

What is 1000 more than/less than a number?

I am thinking of a number. It is greater than 3000 but less than 5000. The digits add up to 15. What is my number? Can you find 13 possibilities?

Addition and subtraction

Children add two 3 digit numbers with no exchanges. When children are confident they move towards adding two large numbers with multiple exchanges.


What is meant by the words 'the Kingdom of God'?

New Beginnings & pupil Voice

Nothing About Me Without Me: Disability Equality Education 


Poetry: ‘Where do you get your ideas?’ by Sue Hardy-Dawson

Write a poem to be performed to the school in assembly.

Fiction: ‘The Present’ (short film)

This unit is a whole-class sentence intervention. What is a sentence? What is fragment? What is a run-on?

Non-fiction: ‘Celts’ by Jane Bingham

Write an information page and present information in new and exciting ways.


Online safety - learn to stay safe online with the SMART crew



Games activities: Invasion games - Football

Athletics: Running (including long ditance), jumping, throwing and skipping

History Focus

Iron Age Britons and the Romans

What have the Romans ever done for us?

Key questions for History

Key question 1: What is the Iron Age and how do we know what it was like?

Key question 2: Why on earth would Julius Caesar want to leave sunny Italy invade cold Britain and what would he have found here?

Key question 3: Why did the Emperor Claudius invade Britain a cold bleak country, on the edge of empire?

Key question 4: Why did Boudicca stand up to the Romans and how do we remember her today?

Key question 5: How can we explain the power of the Roman army at this time?

Key question 6: What can we tell about Roman life from a study of this villa/fort?

Key question 7: How far did the Romans change the life of people living in Britain after the conquest?

Key question 8: What is the legacy the Romans left for us? What is their impact on our life today?



Drawing: Celtic patterns and knot-work 

Painting: Boudicca portraits from historical descriptions

Autumn 2


Addition and subtraction

Children explore column subtration using concrete manipulatives.

Children build up to using column subtration with multiple exchanges.

Children compare different methods of subtraction and make choices about partitioning, taking away or finding the difference.

Is the column method always the best method? When we find the difference, what happens if we take one off each number? Is the difference the same? When is it better to 'count on' rather than use the column method?


Children recognise that 10mm is equivalent to 1cm. 

What items would we measure using mm rather than cm?

Children multiply and divide by 1000 to convert between metres and kilometres.


We are quiz masters - How can we change asking and answering questions into code? Create a quiz!


Non-fiction (continued from previous term): ‘Celts’ by Jane Bingham

Write an information page and present information in new and exciting ways.

Diary writing: insired by ‘Varjak Paw’ by SF Said

Write diary entries from different viewpoints.

Narrative: Tam’s story, inspied by Varjak Paw’ by SF Said

Write a new part of the story (Tam’s story) in the style of SF Said. Read it to a small audience.


How old are you? Do you have brothers and sisters?


How is Christmas and Advent celebrated around the world?

Getting On & Falling Out: friendships skills

Anti- Bullying Week 

Money management


Dance: group and partner work

Games activities: Invasion games - Tag Rugby

Geography Focus - locational knowledge and map skills. 

Key questions for Focus

What are the continents are how many are there? 

Where are the continents on a World Map?

What are the countries that form the British Isles? What are their capital ciites?

What are the main countries and capital cities of Europe?

What are the longest rivers, largest deserts and  highest mountains in the world?

Which locationas around the world have similar environmental and temperature regions? 

What are the Equator, N. and S. Hemisphere, Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn?

What are the main counties and cities in/around Sussex?

Science Curriculum Focus

What happens when we heat something up or cool something down?

This term, the childre will find out about the three different states of matter - solids, liquids and gases - and investigate how chemicals can change state. They will also find out about the water cycle.

Spring 1


Multiplication and division

Children continue to build on their knowledge of the times tables up to the 11 and 12 times tables.

Children are introduced to the ‘Associative Law’ to multiply 3 numbers. This law focuses on the idea that it doesn’t matter how we group the numbers when we multiply
e.g. 4 × 5 × 2 = (4 × 5) × 2 = 20 × 2 = 40
or 4 × 5 × 2 = 4 × (5 × 2) = 4 × 10 = 40

Children learn that a factor is a whole number that multiplies by another number to make a product e.g. 3 × 5 = 15, factor × factor = product. 


Children are introduced to area for the first time.  Area is the amount space taken up by a 2D shape or surface.
Children investigate area in lots of practical ways.


Games activities: Invasion games - Hockey

Gymnastics: Big apparatus 


Poetry: ‘Six ways of looking at the moon’ by Pie Corbett

Contribute a metaphor poem to a class book and share with the school.

Fiction (modern fables): ‘The Tin Forest’ by Helen Ward and ‘The promise’ by Nicola Davies

Create story settings that paint vivid pictures in the mind of your reader.

Non-fiction: ‘Guardians of the planet’ by Clive Gifford and ‘Planet for sale’ by Sue Hardy Dawson

Explain to our school community how to become an eco-hero, and persuade everyone to stop wasting food.


What does it mean to be on a mission?

Mental Health & Well Being: Managing big feelings & ways to wellbeing

Keeping Health & Safe: Tobacco Education 

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We are architects - use sketch up to design 3-D exteriors of buidlings.

Science Curriculum Focus

What happens if the electricity goes off?

How can we share what we have?
Discover the world of electricity…
How does it work and what would we do without it? What do we mean by “alternative sources” of energy?

Key scientific questions

Can you identify common appliances that run on electricity?
Can you construct a simple series electric circuit?
Can you identify and name the basic part in a series circuit?
Can you identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery?
Can you recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit?
Can you associate a switch opening with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit?
Can you recognise some common conductors and insulators? 
How is electricity generated? 
How does the electricity we use travel to us (power stations and how they work?)
Why is it important to look for alternative sources of energy?
What are fossil fuels?
Why do some places have more than others?
How can we share what we have?


Spring 2



Children revisit their learning about tenths from Year 3. Children count up and down in tenths using different representations.

Children continue to explore equivalent

Children begin to add two or more fractions with the same denominator where the total is less than 1 (e.g. three tenths + six tenths).


Children begin to explore the link between fractions and decimals using
concrete manipulatives and pictorial representations. 

How many ones are there?
How many tenths are there?
What’s the same/different between 0.2 , 1.2 and 0.8?
How many different ways can you make a whole using the three decimals?
Why do we need to use the decimal point?
How many tenths are equivalent to one whole?


Non-fiction (continued from previous term): ‘Guardians of the planet’ by Clive Gifford and ‘Planet for sale’ by Sue Hardy Dawson

Explain to our school community how to become an eco-hero, and persuade everyone to stop wasting food.

Poetry: ‘Cave of Curiosity’ by Pie Corbett

Create a poem that links a place with an abstract idea and publish it in a class book.

News reports:  ‘The Iron Man’ by Ted Hughes, ‘The Iron Giant’ (film)

Write news reports for about the Iron Man’s arrival and the arrival of the Space Bat Angel Dragon.


STEM project: 'Night Light'. Design build and code a night light. Wire buttons and lights to a microcontroller.


How does the story of Rama and Sita inspire Hindus?

Good to be Me - identity & belonging

Global Education: media sterotypes 


Sculpture and Painting (Whole School Art Project)

Key questions for topic

We are looking at the work of Verner Panton.

What is a pattern?

Where have you seen 
patterns in real life?
(on clothes, fabrics, wrapping paper etc)

Have you seen patterns in the natural world?

How might you make a pattern? (by repeating a design over and over again)



Dance: Partner and Groupwork

Games activities: Invasion games -Basketball. 


Do you have a pet?


Summer 1



How many tenths make one whole? How many hundredths make one tenth? How many hundredths make one whole? If I have ___ hundredths, how many more do I need to make one whole?


Children continue to develop their understanding of pounds and pence. This is the first time they are introduced to decimal notation for money.

How many pence make a pound?
Why do we write a decimal point between the pounds and pence?
How would we write 343 p using a pound sign?
How can the amounts be partitioned in to pounds and pence?


First we recap telling the time to different degrees of accuracy from Year 3.

Which of the hands is the minute hand and which is the hour hand?
Is the minute hand past or to the hour?
How many minutes past/to the hour is the minute hand?
If the minute hand is pointing at the 6, how many minutes have passed in this hour?

When we are ready, we convert between analogue and digital times.


Non-fiction:  ‘i360 leaflet’ and leaflets about local attractions

Write an information leaflet that promotes a local attraction.

Poetry:  ‘The Minotaur’ by Rachael M Nicholas

Understand a narrative poem and perform it using intonation, tone, volume and action. Make a 'puzzle purse' poem of your own.

Fiction: ‘Theseus and the Minotaur’ by A. Horowitz

Create a legend in the style of ‘The Minotaur,' involving gifts and a dangerous creature.

The Mediterranean

What's on the map?



Why do Hindus want to collect good karma?

Relationships: Coping with loss

Protective Behaviours: Feeling Good Feeling Safe 


We are slugs! Design a 'slug trail' game that uses loops.

Geography Focus

The Mediterranean

What's on the map? A birds eye view of Europe. 

Key questions for focus

Can you find the UK and Europe on a world map?
How many European countries are there? 
Which European flags belongs to which country?
What is a Capital City?

Is Europe a 'proper' continent? 

Is the Mediterranean a 'proper' sea?

What is so special about the Mediterranean?

Where is Italy?

What are the human and physical geographical features of Italy?

What is the climate like in Italy?

How many different regions are there in Italy and what are they like?

Where is Bolongnia? Why is it called a city of education and food?

What is daily life like in Bolongia?

Comparative study between life in an Italien city and life in Brighton. 



Athletics: Withdean trials and preparation

Summer 2



We revisit how to use bar charts, pictograms and tables to interpret and present data. We gather our own data and then present the information in a bar chart. Most importantly, we ask and answer questions about the data we have presented.

Properties of Shape

We revist previous work on anges. What is an angle? An angle is a measure of the amount of turn between two lines.

We continue to explore 2D shapes, especially triangles and quadrilaterals.

What is a shape with 7 straight sides called? Shapes with 9 straight sides are called _______?

How many equal sides does a rhombus have?

We explore lines of symmetry

Can you draw a horizontal line?
Can you draw a vertical line?
Can you draw a diagonal line.

Name a shape with 5 lines of symmetry.


Fiction (continued from previous term): ‘Theseus and the Minotaur’ by A. Horowitz

Create a legend in the style of ‘The Minotaur,' involving gifts and a dangerous creature.

Poetry: ‘Old foxy’ by Sue Hardy-Dawson

Explore a poem about one urban scavenger (fox) and then create a poem about another one (seagull).

Fiction: ‘Fox Friend’ by Michael Morpurgo

Create a dilemma story with strong lead character for a year 4 audience.


Months of the year

Numbers 13 -31


Games activities: Striking and fielding - Rounders


Sculpture: Italian artwork


What symbols and stories help Jewish people remember their convenant with God?

Changes & Moving on

RSE- how families grow and puberty

Science curriculum focus

Who's walking in our wood?
This term, the children will be finding out about animal habitats, food chains and how to classify living creatures.

History Focus 

Ancient Greece - Legends and Legacy 

Key Questions

Who were the Ancient Greeks?

Why is Ancient Greece so significant?

What was life like in Ancient Greece and how do we know about it? 

In what ways have the Ancient Greeks influenced our lives today?


Music algorithm to music code - decode a musical score into scratch numbers

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